Nothing Can Be Changed Until It Is Faced

As artists, academics, writers and cultural workers who live in Germany and/or work with German cultural institutions, we welcome the joint initiative “GG 5.3. Weltoffenheit,” announced by a broad coalition of prominent German cultural institutions in Berlin on 10 December 2020.

The aforementioned initiative is a belated response to the contentious resolution adopted by German parliament in May 2019, via which the aims and methods of the Palestinian-led solidarity movement, ‘Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions’ (BDS), were formally condemned as antisemitic, leading to a cross-party decision to cut off public funding for projects that “actively support” the BDS movement. The statement criticises this parliamentary resolution, describing it as “dangerous.” We share this concern and view the resolution’s curtailment of the right to boycott as a violation of democratic principles. Since being passed, the resolution has been instrumentalized to distort, malign and silence marginalized positions, in particular those which defend Palestinian rights or are critical of the Israeli occupation.

We urge the German parliament to heed the findings of the European Court of Human Rights, which recently rejected the criminalization of boycotts directed against Israel, ruling clearly against the prosecution of non-violent activists and affirming boycott as a legitimate exercise of freedom of expression (June 2020). No state should be exempt from criticism. Regardless of whether we support BDS or not, as signatories of this letter we share an insistent belief in the right to exercise non-violent pressure on governments that violate human rights.

We reject the German parliamentary resolution because it is this very right which it denies. We reject it because it has exacerbated polarization within the cultural community at a time when the rise of right-wing nationalism calls for us to join in solidarity to combat the surge of hatred that is increasingly prevalent both within Germany’s borders and beyond. We reject it because it has effectively thrown a blanket of censorship over public institutions at precisely the moment when the richly diverse community that is active in Germany, has a valuable role to play in forging a critical and inclusive culture, as an alternative to the authoritarianism, racism and xenophobia that the far right is intent on entrenching.

The resolution has created a repressive climate in which cultural workers are routinely asked to formally renounce BDS, as a prerequisite for working in Germany. Meanwhile, cultural institutions are increasingly driven by fear and paranoia, prone to acts of self-censorship and to pre-emptively de-platforming and excluding critical positions. Open debate around Germany’s past and present responsibilities in relation to Israel/Palestine has been all but suffocated. Forums of cultural exchange in which we previously came together to reflect upon and debate the entangled histories that we emerge from and exist within, are routinely denied, as institutions anxiously seek to avoid political censure and the loss of public funding. In this climate, a number of valuable voices—such as those of Achille Mbembe, Kamila Shamsie, Peter Schäfer, Nirit Sommerfeld and Walid Raad—have already been demonised, obstructing a necessary collective reckoning with the intersecting forces of violence that continue to shape our present.

The resolution is indifferent to the diversity of Jewish opinions both within and beyond Germany; in particular, to the many leftist Jewish and Israeli voices that are vehemently critical of Israel’s well-documented violations of international law. Such voices are, astonishingly—and with increasing frequency—invalidated as ‘antisemitic.’ The resolution additionally disregards warnings issued by foreign policy experts, human rights organisations and German foundations that are directly engaged in the Middle East, many of whom have firmly opposed the problematic manner in which the resolution conflates criticism of Israel with anti-Jewish racism. This conflation shields Israel from being held accountable to standards of international law, and obscures the historical and political circumstances that gave rise to the Palestinian struggle for freedom, justice and equality. It also distracts detrimentally from the ongoing fight against the virulent growth of antisemitism across the globe, including within Germany’s parliament, police force, army and intelligence services.

We acknowledge and deeply value Germany’s ongoing commitment to atoning for the Holocaust. At the same time, we condemn the negligence of the German state when it comes to recognizing and atoning for Germany’s past as a perpetrator of colonial violence. The fight against antisemitism cannot be conveniently decoupled from parallel struggles against Islamophobia, racism and fascism. We emphatically reject the monopolization of narratives of oppression by states such as Germany, which have historically been perpetrators of oppression. We reject the notion that the suffering and trauma of victims of political and historical violence can be measured and ranked.

In solidarity with the cultural institutions that have spoken out before us, we call on German parliament to withdraw the controversial resolution. We call on these institutions to follow their statement with meaningful action. We ask them to lead the way in restoring conditions under which the productive exchange of divergent opinions can occur. Over-zealous monitoring of the political views of cultural workers from the Middle East and Global South, must be seen for what it is—back-door racial profiling—and immediately discontinued. The maligning of individuals by means of baseless charges of antisemitism must stop.

We close with the words of James Baldwin, an astute critic of the evils of the Holocaust, as well as of the horrors of slavery, colonialism and racism:

“Not everything that is faced can be changed. But nothing can be changed until it is faced.”

Total Signatories: 1578

First Signatories
  1. Lawrence Abu Hamdan, Artist, Beirut/Dubai
  2. Tal Adler, Artist, Berlin
  3. Elena Agudio, Art Historian + Curator, Berlin
  4. Haig Aivazian, Artist + Director of Beirut Art Center, Beirut
  5. Antonia Alampi, Curator, Berlin
  6. Khyam Allami, Musician, Berlin/London
  7. Udi Aloni, Filmmaker, New York
  8. Maria Thereza Alves, Artist, Berlin/Naples
  9. Heba Y. Amin, Artist, Berlin
  10. Fahim Amir, Philosopher + Author, Vienna
  11. Yazid Anani, Scholar + Curator, Ramallah
  12. Ayreen Anastas, Artist, New York
  13. Angela Anderson, Artist + Researcher, Berlin
  14. Arjun Appadurai, Professor, Institute for European Ethnology, Humboldt-Universität, Berlin
  15. Julieta Aranda, Artist + Editor of e-flux journal, Berlin
  16. Fareed Armaly, Artist, Berlin
  17. Inke Arns, Curator, Director of HMKV Hartware MedienKunstVerein, Dortmund
  18. Marwa Arsanios, Artist, Berlin
  19. Aleida Assman, Professor, University of Konstanz, Konstanz
  20. Defne Ayas, Curator, Berlin
  21. Ariella Aïsha Azoulay, Brown University, Providence
  22. Sindre Bangstad, Research Professor, KIFO, Oslo
  23. Khaled Barakeh, Artist + Cultural Activist, Berlin
  24. Yael Bartana, Artist, Berlin/Amsterdam
  25. Shumon Basar, Writer/Curator, Berlin/Dubai
  26. Bashir Bashir, Associate Professor of Political Theory, The Open University of Israel, Raanana
  27. Florian Becker, Bard College Berlin, Berlin
  28. Jérôme Bel, Choreographer, Paris
  29. Irad Ben Isaak, Scholar of Yiddish Literature + Culture, Selma Stern Zentrum für Jüdische Studien Berlin-Brandenburg, Berlin
  30. Lene Berg, Artist, Berlin/Oslo
  31. Omar Berrada, Writer + Curator, New York
  32. María Berríos, Curator, 11th Berlin Biennale, Berlin/Copenhagen
  33. Louise Bethlehem, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Hod Hasharon
  34. Ursula Biemann, Artist, Zurich
  35. Rossella Biscotti, Artist, Rotterdam/Brussels
  36. Katinka Bock, Artist, Paris
  37. Omri Boehm, Associate Professor of Philosophy, New School for Social Research, New York
  38. Monica Bonvicini, Artist, Berlin
  39. Shannon Bool, Artist, Berlin
  40. Pauline Boudry, Artist, Berlin
  41. Daniel Boyarin, Professor of Talmud / AvH Senior Preisträger, Freie Universität Berlin, Berkeley
  42. Candice Breitz, Artist, Berlin
  43. AA Bronson, Artist, Berlin
  44. Adam Broomberg, Artist, Berlin
  45. Micha Brumlik, Professor + Senior Advisor: Selma Stern Zentrum für jüdische Studien Berlin-Brandenburg, Berlin
  46. Erik Bünger, Artist, Berlin
  47. Federica Bueti, Writer + Researcher, Berlin
  48. Paolo Caffoni, Editor + Researcher, Berlin
  49. Banu Cennetoğlu, Artist, Istanbul
  50. Peter Chametzky, Professor, University of South Carolina, Columbia
  51. Marco Clausen, Cultural Worker, Berlin
  52. Steven Cohen, Artist, Lille/Johannesburg
  53. Alon Confino, Pen Tishkach Chair of Holocaust Studies, Professor of History and Jewish Studies, University of Massachusetts, Amherst
  54. Eli Cortiñas, Artist, Berlin
  55. Alice Creischer, Artist, Berlin
  56. Iftikhar Dadi, Associate Professor, Cornell University, Ithaca
  57. Jesse Darling, Artist, Berlin/London
  58. Ekaterina Degot, Director + Chief Curator, Steirischer Herbst, Graz
  59. T. J. Demos, Professor, University of California, Santa Cruz
  60. Elsa De Seynes, Cultural Worker, Berlin
  61. Janneke de Vries, Director of Weserburg Museum for Modern Art, Bremen
  62. Diedrich Diederichsen, Professor, Akademie der bildenden Künste, Vienna
  63. Stephen Dillemuth, Artist, Munich
  64. Esther Dischereit, Poet + Writer, Berlin
  65. Discoteca Flaming Star , Artist Collective, Berlin
  66. Sabrina Dittus, Filmmaker, Berlin
  67. Gürsoy Doğtaş, Art Historian, Universität für angewandte Kunst, Vienna
  68. Pauline Doutreluingne, Curator, Berlin
  69. Nika Dubrovsky, Artist, David Graeber’s Museum of Care Foundation, London
  70. Sam Durant, Artist, Berlin/Los Angeles
  71. Jimmie Durham, Artist, Berlin/Naples
  72. Övül Ö. Durmusoglu, Curator, Writer + Educator, Berlin
  73. Madhusree Dutta, Filmmaker + Curator, currently Artistic Director: Akademie der Künste der Welt, Cologne
  74. Kerstin Egert, DJ + Producer, Berlin
  75. Anna Ehrenstein, Artist, Berlin/Tirana
  76. Galit Eilat, Curator, Interdependent Writer + Curator, Director of Meduza Foundation, Amsterdam
  77. Antke Antek Engel, Institut für Queer Theory, Berlin
  78. Köken Ergun, Artist, Istanbul
  79. Ayse Erkmen, Artist, Berlin/Istanbul
  80. Charles Esche, Professor + Museum Director, Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven
  81. Theo Eshetu, Artist + Filmmaker, Berlin
  82. Kodwo Eshun, Artist, Filmmaker + Theorist, Berlin/London
  83. Reem Fadda, Curator, Ramallah
  84. Nathan Fain, Independent Theatre Maker, Berlin
  85. Silvia Federici, Scholar + Teacher + Activist, New York
  86. Dror Feiler, Composer + Artist, Stockholm
  87. Chiara Figone, Publisher / Archive, Berlin
  88. Mahdi Fleifel, Film Director, Copenhagen
  89. iLiana Fokianaki, Curator + Theorist, Director: State of Concept, Athens/Rotterdam
  90. Forensic Architecture / Forensis ,, London/Berlin
  91. Rike Frank, Curator, Berlin
  92. Will Fredo Furtado, Artist, Writer + Editor, Berlin
  93. Dani Gal, Artist, Berlin
  94. Katharina Galor, Professor, Berlin
  95. Tomer Gardi, Writer, Berlin
  96. Karam Ghossein, Filmmaker, Berlin
  97. Nida Ghouse, Writer, Berlin
  98. Sander Gilman, Distinguished Professor of the Liberal Arts + Sciences / Professor of Psychiatry: Emory University, Atlanta
  99. Natasha Ginwala, Writer + Curator, Berlin/Colombo
  100. Amos Goldberg, Professor, Department of Jewish History + Contemporary Jewry, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem
  101. Avery Gordon, Writer, London
  102. Raphaël Grisey, Artist, Berlin
  103. Assaf Gruber, Artist, Berlin
  104. Krist Gruijthuijsen, Curator + Director, KW Institute for Contemporary Art, Berlin
  105. Ayşe Güleç, Educator, Curator + Activist Researcher, Kassel
  106. Emanuele Guidi, Curator + Artistic Director, ar/ge kunst Bolzano, Berlin
  107. Hans Haacke, Artist, New York
  108. Yassin al Haj Saleh, Writer + Political Dissident, Berlin
  109. Dorothea von Hantelmann, Art Historian, Bard College Berlin, Berlin
  110. Donna Haraway, University of California, Santa Cruz
  111. Shuruq Harb, Artist, Ramallah
  112. Carl Hegemann, Professor Emeritus, Philosophy + Dramaturgy, Berlin
  113. Nanna Heidenreich, Scholar + Curator, Berlin
  114. Mathilde ter Heijne, Artist + Professor / Universität der Künste, Berlin
  115. Jörg Heiser, Professor, Universität der Künste, Berlin
  116. Louis Henderson, Artist, Berlin
  117. Samia Henni, Historian, Educator + Exhibition-Maker, Zurich
  118. Tobias Hering, Curator, Berlin
  119. Wieland Hoban, Composer + Translator, Frankfurt
  120. Gil Z. Hochberg, Professor, Columbia University, New York
  121. Tom Holert, Writer, Berlin
  122. Laura Horelli, Artist, Berlin
  123. Emma Waltraud Howes, Artist, Berlin
  124. Nataša Ilić, Curator, What, How and for Whom / WHW, Berlin
  125. Çağla Ilk, Curator, Berlin
  126. Eva Illouz, Professor of Sociology, Hebrew University, Jerusalem
  127. Amal Issa, Director of Public Programs, e-flux, New York
  128. Shahira Issa, Artist, Hamburg
  129. Muhammad Jabali, Artist + Writer, Berlin
  130. Stine Marie Jacobsen, Artist, Berlin
  131. Anna Jäger, Cultural Worker + Translator, Berlin
  132. Sarah E. James, Art Historian + Gerda Henkel Fellow, Frankfurt am Main
  133. Pauline Curnier Jardin, Artist, Berlin
  134. Anne Duk Hee Jordan, Artist, Berlin
  135. Liad Hussein Kantorowicz, Artist, Berlin
  136. Mariana Karkoutly, Syrian Legal Criminal Investigator, Berlin
  137. Nina Katchadourian, Artist + Professor, NYU Gallatin School of Individualized Study, Berlin/New York
  138. Thomas Keenan, Professor, New York
  139. Lara Khalidi, Curator, Amsterdam/Jerusalem
  140. Yazan Khalili, Artist, Amsterdam
  141. Sami Khatib, Philosopher, Visiting Researcher at Leuphana University, Berlin
  142. Elias Khoury, Writer, Beirut
  143. Grada Kilomba, Artist, Berlin
  144. Thomas Kilpper, Artist + Professor, Bergen University Faculty of Art, Music + Design, Bergen
  145. Caroline Kirberg, Filmmaker & Producer, Berlin
  146. Vika Kirchenbauer, Artist, Berlin
  147. Maya Klar, Filmmaker, Berlin
  148. Adam Kleinman, Writer + Curator, New York
  149. Brian Klug, University of Oxford, Oxford
  150. Erden Kosova, Art Critic, Berlin/Istanbul
  151. Prem Krishnamurthy, Designer + Curator, Berlin/New York
  152. Brian Kuan Wood, Editor + Writer, New York
  153. Raimund Kummer, Artist, Berlin
  154. Brigitta Kuster, Cultural Producer + Junior Professor, Humboldt-Universität, Berlin
  155. Nadav Lapid, Filmmaker + Writer, Tel Aviv
  156. Kristina Leko, Artist + Educator, Universität der Künste, Berlin
  157. Boaz Levin, Writer + Curator, Berlin
  158. Justin Lieberman, Artist, Munich
  159. Elisa Liepsch, Performing Arts Programmer, Brussels
  160. Matthias Lilienthal, Dramaturg, Berlin
  161. Thomas Locher, Artist + Rector: Hochschule für Grafik und Buchkunst , Leipzig
  162. Siddhartha Lokanandi, Bookseller, Berlin
  163. Renate Lorenz, Artist, Berlin
  164. Sven Lütticken, Art Historian, Utrecht
  165. Maha Maamoun, Artist, Curator + Publisher, Berlin/Cairo
  166. Wietske Maas, Curator, BAK, basis voor actuele kunst, Berlin/Utrecht
  167. Jens Maier-Rothe, Film Producer, Berlin
  168. Antonia Majaca, Writer + Curator, Berlin
  169. Antje Majewski, Artist + Professor, Berlin
  170. Jumana Manna, Artist, Berlin
  171. Jaleh Mansoor, Associate Professor, University of British Columbia, Vancouver
  172. Renzo Martens, Artist, Amsterdam
  173. Mattin (Martin Artiach), Artist, Berlin
  174. Tom McCarthy, Novelist, Berlin
  175. Bjørn Melhus, Artist, Berlin
  176. Angela Melitopoulos, Artist, Berlin
  177. Chantal Meloni, Lawyer + International Criminal Law Professor, Berlin/Milan
  178. Eva Menasse, Novelist, Berlin
  179. Doreen Mende, Curator, Writer + Theorist, Berlin/Geneva
  180. Jasmina Metwaly, Artist, Berlin
  181. Eva Meyer, Writer, Berlin
  182. Markus Miessen, Architect + Writer, Berlin
  183. Ana María Millán, Artist, Berlin
  184. Zoë Claire Miller, Artist, Berlin
  185. Nicholas Mirzoeff, Professor, New York University, New York
  186. Carmen Mörsch, Professor for Art Education, Mainz Art Academy, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz
  187. Elke aus dem Moore, Director, Akademie Schloss Solitude, Stuttgart
  188. Alexandra Murray-Leslie, Artist, Trondheim
  189. Sina Najafi, Editor-in-Chief, Cabinet Magazine, Berlin/New York
  190. Bonaventure Soh Bejeng Ndikung, Curator, Berlin/Bamenda
  191. Dalia Neis, Writer + Musician + Educator, Berlin
  192. Marcel Odenbach, Artist, Cologne
  193. Pınar Öğrenci, Artist + Lecturer, Berlin
  194. Ahmet Öğüt, Artist, Berlin/Amsterdam
  195. Vanessa Ohlraun, Rector, Hochschule für Bildende Künste Braunschweig, Braunschweig
  196. Wendelien van Oldenborgh, Artist, Berlin/Rotterdam
  197. Hagar Ophir, Artist, Berlin
  198. Uriel Orlow, Artist, Lisbon/London
  199. Tanja Ostojić, Artist, Berlin
  200. Ulrike Ottinger, Filmmaker, Berlin
  201. Matteo Pasquinelli, Professor in Media Philosophy, University of Arts and Design, Karlsruhe
  202. Hila Peleg, Curator, Haus der Kulturen der Welt, Berlin
  203. Agustín Pérez Rubio, Curator, 11th Berlin Biennale, Berlin
  204. Dan Perjovschi, Artist, Bucharest
  205. Manfred Pernice, Artist + Professor / Universität der Künste, Berlin
  206. Nataša Petrešin-Bachelez, Interdependent Curator, Paris
  207. Ana Teixeira Pinto, Guest Professor of Media Philosophy, HfG Karlsruhe, Berlin
  208. Alexandra Pirici, Artist, Bucharest
  209. Agnieszka Polska, Artist, Berlin
  210. Matthew Post, Post Brothers, Curator, Munich/Bialystok
  211. Luiza Prado de O. Martins, Artist, Berlin
  212. Paul B. Preciado, Writer + Curator, Pogetto
  213. Charlotte Prodger, Artist, Glasgow
  214. Pary El-Qalqili, Writer + Film Director, Berlin
  215. Judy Radul, Professor of Art, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver
  216. Rachael Rakes, Curator, BAK, basis voor actuele kunst, Utrecht
  217. Michael Rakowitz, Artist, Chicago
  218. Milo Rau, Director + Author, Ghent/Cologne
  219. Judith Raum, Artist , Berlin
  220. Nora Razian, Curator, Dubai
  221. Juliane Rebentisch, Professor of Philosophy, Offenbach/Frankfurt
  222. Patricia Reed, Writer + Artist, Berlin
  223. David Riff, Artist + Curator, Berlin
  224. Philip Rizk, Filmmaker, Berlin
  225. Jacqueline Rose, Professor of Humanities + Co-Director, Birkbeck Institute for the Humanities, London
  226. Roee Rosen, Artist, Bnei Zion
  227. Martha Rosler, Artist, New York
  228. Michael Rothberg, Professor, University of California, Los Angeles
  229. Romy Rüegger, Artist + Writer, Berlin
  230. David Rych, Artist, Berlin
  231. Susanne Sachsse, Actress, Berlin
  232. Natascha Sadr Haghighian, Artist, Berlin
  233. Alon Sahar, Filmmaker, Berlin
  234. Anjalika Sagar, The Otolith Group, London
  235. Ivana Sajko, Writer, Berlin
  236. Anri Sala, Artist, Berlin
  237. Mohammad Salemy, Artist, The New Centre for Research & Practice, Berlin
  238. Rasha Salti, Writer + Curator, Berlin/Beirut
  239. Karin Sander, Artist + Academic, Berlin
  240. Regina Sarreiter, Cultural Worker + Anthropologist, Berlin
  241. Aura Satz, Artist, Royal College of Art, London
  242. Eran Schaerf, Artist, Berlin
  243. Miriam Schickler, Cultural Worker, Berlin
  244. Stefanie Schulte Strathaus, Film Curator, Berlin
  245. Alya Sebti, Curator, Berlin
  246. Ashkan Sepahvand, Writer + Artist, Berlin/Oxford
  247. Reem Shadid, Curator/Researcher, Ramallah
  248. Nizan Shaked, California State University, Long Beach
  249. Tai Shani, Artist, London
  250. Basma Al-Sharif, Artist, Berlin
  251. Mati Shemoelof, Writer, Berlin
  252. Marc Siegel, Film Scholar, Berlin
  253. Andreas Siekmann, Artist, Berlin
  254. Nicolas Siepen, Artist, Berlin
  255. Katharina Sieverding, Artist + Professor of Visual Culture Studies, Düsseldorf
  256. Joshua Simon, Curator + Writer, Philadelphia/Tel Aviv-Jaffa
  257. Siska , Visual Artist + Musician, Berlin
  258. Slavs and Tatars , Artist Collective, Berlin
  259. Mounira Al Solh, Artist + Professor, Kunsthochschule Kassel, Beirut/Amsterdam
  260. Lili Sommerfeld, Musician, Berlin
  261. Mari Spirito, Director + Curator, Protocinema, Istanbul/New York
  262. Anna-Sophie Springer, Curator, Author + Publisher, Berlin
  263. Jonas Staal, Artist, Athens/Amsterdam
  264. Klaus Staeck, Artist, Heidelberg
  265. Maximilian Steinbeis, Chief Editor, Verfassungsblog, Berlin
  266. Bettina Steinbrügge, Director, Hamburg
  267. Eva Stenram, Artist, Berlin
  268. Angelika Stepken, Curator + Director of Villa Romana, Florence
  269. Young-jun Tak, Artist + Editor, Berlin/Seoul
  270. Kathy-Ann Tan, Curator + Writer, Berlin
  271. Hadas Tapouchi, Artist, Berlin
  272. Michael Taussig, Professor Emeritus, Columbia University, New York
  273. Mark Terkessidis, Writer, Berlin
  274. Wibke Tiarks, Artist, Berlin
  275. Jonas Tinius, Social Anthropologist, Berlin
  276. Christine Tohme, Founding Director, Ashkal Alwan, Beirut
  277. Oraib Toukan, Artist, Berlin
  278. Vassilis S. Tsianos, Professor, Fachhochschule Kiel, Kiel
  279. Margarita Tsomou, Professor + Curator, Berlin
  280. Peter Ullrich, Senior Researcher, Technische Universität Berlin / Fellow at the Zentrum für Antisemitismusforschung, Berlin
  281. Tanya Ury, Artist + Writer, Cologne
  282. Françoise Vergès, Political Theorist, Decolonial + Antiracist Feminist, Paris
  283. Jan Verwoert, Writer + Educator, Berlin
  284. Eyal Vexler, Cultural Producer, Berlin
  285. Anton Vidokle, Artist + Editor of e-flux journal, Berlin/New York
  286. Danh Vō, Artist, Berlin/Mexico City
  287. Shira Wachsmann, Artist, Berlin
  288. Caleb Waldorf, Artist, Berlin
  289. Haytham Al-Wardany, Writer, Berlin
  290. Julian Warner, Cultural Anthropologist, Munich
  291. Joanna Warsza, Curator, Berlin
  292. Stephanie Weber, Art Historian, Munich
  293. Eyal Weizman, Architect, London/Berlin
  294. Christine Würmell, Artist, Berlin
  295. Misal Adnan Yıldız, Curator, Berlin
  296. Yehudit Yinhar, Artist, Berlin
  297. Moshe Zimmermann, Historian + Former director of the Richard Koebner Minerva Center for German History, Hebrew University, Jerusalem
  298. Tirdad Zolghadr, Curator, Berlin
  299. Himmat Zu’bi, Scholar, EUME / Forum Transregionale Studien, Berlin
  300. Moshe Zuckermann, Professor, Institute for the History + Philosophy of Science + Ideas, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv